Glutathione Dictionary

This Glutathione Dictionary simply defines all things related to GSH (In Alphabetical Order)

Amino acid - an organic compound containing nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen and oxygen; the building block of protein.

Antioxidant - A substance that inhibits oxidation and guards the body from the damaging effects of free radicals.

Atom - The smallest unit of matter. It is composed of electrons and a nucleus(containing protons and neutrons).

How small? At least 125 million atoms could fit inside the period at the end if this sentence.

cell - The smallest unit of living matter. It is the structural, functional and biological unit of all organisms. All living things including plants and animals are made up of cells.

Detoxification (Detoxify) - Removal of poisons.

The liver is the most powerful detoxification organ in the body, which explains why it is the organ in which the highest concentration of glutathione is found within the human body.

Free Radical(s) - An atom or group of atoms that has at least one unpaired electron and is therefore unstable and highly reactive. In tissues, free radicals can damage cells and accelerate the progression of cancer, cardiovascular disease, and age-related diseases.

Glutathione(GSH) - A small antioxidant molecule and tripeptide made up of three amino acids: glutamic acid, cysteine, and glycine. It is the body's master antioxidant.

Glutathione peroxidase(GPx) - an antioxidant enzyme and a free radical scavenger.

Molecule - the simplest structural unit of an element or compound. It has two or more atoms.

Oxidative Stress - A condition which occurs when the production of free radicals in the human body exceeds the body's ability to neutralize and eliminate them. Oxidative stress can result from a lack of antioxidants or from an over abundance of free radicals. Exercise can increase levels of free radicals, increasing the risk of oxidative stress. Free radicals can react with key components of cells, including DNA, lipids, and protein, resulting in cellular damage.

Peptide - A molecule consisting of 2 or more amino acids.

Peptic (Peptide)bonds - The building blocks of amino acids. (amino acids are the building blocks of protein)

toxin(s) - poisonous substance(s); chemical substances that interfere with normal chemical processes in the body.

Tripeptide - A peptide consisting of three amino acids joined by peptic bonds.

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